With much higher speeds, more reliability, and ultra low latency, 5g is designed aiming to enable next generation user experiences and deliver new services.
If you despise loading screens as much as I do, you'll be happy to know that 5g will put an end to them, So What is 5G? 5G is the fifth generation of mobile networks, with its predecessor, which we all know and love, being 4G. 5G technology was developed to connect virtually anyone, anywhere, anytime in instants, including machines and devices. In addition to being faster it will be more reliable than 4G. Although it seems like a distant prospect, it is closer than many imagine; 5G is already available in 75% of cities in the USA, and has already been auctioned in Brazil, totaling to R$ 47 billion being moved across multiple network services. The evolution of mobile networks has been going at exponential rates, so how will 5G be different to 4G? What impact will this have in our lives?
To begin understanding 5G it is important to note that it was not created nor is owned by a specific company or person. An example of a company that contributed to 5g development is Qualcomm. Qualcomm contributed by inventing OFDM (Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing) it is a method of modulating a digital signal across several different channels to reduce interference.
So with all this new technology and systems, how fast is 5g and what is the difference from 4g? The simple answer is that 5g is up to 100x times faster, 10x lower latency, and can handle up to 100x more traffic. In an uncomplicated way, a band is the amount of information able to transmit over a period of time, 5g uses the band spectrum better than 4g, allowing from low bands under 1GHz, to mid bands of about 6GHz, to high bands known as millimeter waves. Now if you want the technical information for how fast 5g really is: it can deliver up to 20 Gigabits-per-second (Gbps) peak data rates and 100+ Megabits-per-second (Mbps) average data rates. This is possible because 5g uses 'network slicing', which is a system that allows multiplexing of the independent logical networks on the same physical network infrastructure. Basically, each 'network slice' is an isolated end-to-end network tailored to fulfil diverse requirements requested by a particular application.
Such a big advancement in global networking and connectivity means huge financial impacts. 5g's full economic effect will probably span out until 2035, most probably supporting and changing a wide range of industries and potentially enabling 13.1 USD. It is also estimated that 5g will contribute $1.4 trillion USD to $1.7 trillion USD to the US GDP, and create 3.8 million to 4.6 million jobs. The current US GDP is 20 trillion USD so if 5g contributes 1 Trillion USD it is increasing 5% of the US GDP - a massive impact. For an in depth analysis of socioeconomic impacts of 5g read this source.
5g also immensely affects sustainability. 5g enabled vehicles will potentially lead to 15% less traffic, ultimately decreasing pollution. 5g enabled AI can also reduce pesticide use by 80%; a drone is used to collect images of a cornfield, After which they will be sent via 5G to computers. There the data is analyzed using AI, where the results dictate the areas which need treatment, and pesticide is used only where required.
As previously mentioned, 5g is not owned by anyone, but the network companies need to buy the right to sell 5g to their clients. Different companies like Vivo and Claro Bought different frequencies of 5g Out of 4 - 700Mhz, 2,3GHz, 3,5Ghz, 26GHz -
That were auctioned in Brazil
5g's availability depends on the country of residence; in the US it is widely available, and looking at the global context, 5g is available in 60+ countries. You will also need a phone that supports 5g; Apple's only iPhones that support 5g are the 13 line and the 12 line. Although Big phone manufacturers are making 5g phones, the connectivity that 5g brings to the table is still not there because of the lack of users. Of course this is extremely new technology, seen as 5g were only recently commercialized.
5g will bring a whole new market and opportunities - it will revolutionize the way we live. It will affect so many different things like agriculture, AI etc. The only thing left for us to do is wait and see 5g unfold itself to the world.